A complete guide on Osteoarthritis

In this digital era, society is so occupied with pacing with fast life,
eating ready-made junk food, at the cost of neglecting their precious health.

We have time to update our gadgets but what about our body, have you ever thought about it?. In this technology-struck era, people develop early symptoms of joint pain, swelling, stiffness and have to consult their orthopedic even before their 40’s. These are symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA). It affects more than 1 in 12 people over the age of 60.

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a common condition affecting any joint in the body. It mainly affects the joint which bears more weight, hence knee and ankle joints are affected. As the entire world is dancing to the tunes of gadgets, we keep working for our hands continuously hence hands are also affected the most. Usually, a healthy joint is where two bones meet together. They are covered with a protective tissue called “Cartilage”. In osteoarthritis, there is wear and tear of this cartilage, which results in pain and stiffness to the joint.

Almost all of us develop osteoarthritis in some of our joints as we get older.

What are the causes of Osteoarthritis?

The exact cause of osteoarthritis is not yet known. The following are the risk factors that aggravate the pace of this disease.

1) Age:  OA usually starts from late 40 years. As we age there is weight gain, muscle weakness which turns to be icing on the cake in this condition.

2) Gender: It is more severe in males than in females.

3) Obesity: Overweight is an important factor causing osteoarthritis.

4) Injury: Injury to the joint accelerates the risk of OA.

5) Genetic factor: Researchers claim that mutations of single genes affect a protein called collagen. This can cause osteoarthritis at an early age.

6) Joint disease:  Diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and gout can worsen symptoms of osteoarthritis.

7) Climatic conditions: Patients with OA  of climatic changes worsen their pain. Hence, weather conditions aggravate symptoms of the disease.


Symptoms of Osteoarthritis?

The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are :

Pain is the most common symptom caused due to the roughness of the cartilage of the joint

Tenderness due to inflammation of an affected joint

Stiffness is seen due to a change in the shape of the joint

A crackling sound in the joint which is known as crepitus is seen in many

There is inflammation seen on the tissues of the joint

There is wear and tear of the cartilage

There may be swelling seen due to fluid accumulation in the joint

If the hip joint is affected there will be difficulty in standing or sitting position

Treatment of Osteoarthritis

When one observes symptoms of osteoarthritis consult your doctor for the same. There are medications to relieve symptoms of osteoarthritis. But avoid self-medicating oneself.

  • Weight management helps relieve pressure and reduces pain.
  • Exercise and physical activity help you to relieve stiffness.
  • Adequate sleep and resting your muscles can reduce swelling and inflammation.
  • Hot and cold fomentations help to reduce pain and stiffness. Consult your doctor for the same.
  • A nutritious diet including antioxidants will decrease inflammation and swelling. Consult your physician for the same.

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    Copyright 2022 by Dr. Karthik Gudaru. All rights reserved.

    Copyright 2022 by Dr. Karthik Gudaru. All rights reserved.